Useful programs and scripts for your Home Server

linux Mar 17, 2020

Running multiple home servers in many form-factors for several years I came across dozens of useful programs that may help you to set it up or maintain it. Here I will list some of them - and for each a quick guide on the installation and maybe some useful commands - as a reference for myself and others. I will also update it from time to time if I find some new. As I am using mostly my Raspberry Pi's I will use the user pi, the user and group id 1000 in all commands.

Also before using any scripts in general I want to remind you that you should always examine downloaded scripts before running them.

  • docker
    • Installation using convenience script
      curl -fsSL -o
      sudo sh
      sudo usermod -aG docker pi # relog after this
    • Useful commands
      docker run hello-world
      docker ps
      docker logs <container id>
  • docker-compose
    • Installation
      sudo apt install docker-compose
    • Useful commands
      docker-compose up -d (without -d for logs)
      docker-compose down
    • Example docker-compose.yml
      version: '2.0'
          build: .
          - "5000:5000"
          - .:/code
          - logvolume01:/var/log
          - redis
          image: redis
        logvolume01: {}
  • NodeJS 13.x
    • Installation
      curl -sL | sudo -E bash -
      sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
    • Useful commands
      node <file>
      npm run
      npm init
  • nodemon
    • Description
      nodemon restarts your application after a change in the current folder
    • Installation
      npm i -g nodemon
    • Usage
      nodemon <file>
  • pm2
    • Description
      pm2 is a process manager with load balancer
    • Installation
      npm install pm2 -g
    • Useful commands
      pm2 status
      pm2 logs <id>
      pm2 start <file>
      pm2 start <file> -- <extra parameters>
  • ssh tunnel
    • Description
      while ssh is already installed on most systems its tunnel feature can be used as a cheap way to forward traffic from a local host behind a firewall over a vps to the public
    • Usage
      ssh -tt -R<server port>:localhost:<local port> [email protected] -i /home/pi/.ssh/id_rsa -N
    • Server settings
      Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config and set GatewayPorts yes

Have you come across a useful command or program that I did not list here? Then please leave a comment so that I can add it to the list.



I am a tech enthusiast and currently studying computer science at the university of applied sciences in Aachen.

Great! You've successfully subscribed.
Great! Next, complete checkout for full access.
Welcome back! You've successfully signed in.
Success! Your account is fully activated, you now have access to all content.